What is Leptospirosis?

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Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection that is transmitted through contact with contaminated fresh water, especially white waters (the section of a river where there is an increase in the water’s speed and turbulence).   

This bacteria is capable of living in running water for many months, or for many weeks in the ground after a flood or in water contaminated with infected urine.   

The disease affects people of different sexes and ages equally, although it may more frequently cause complications in elderly people.  

Leptospirosis Distribution

Leptospirosis is present across the whole world, but the most significant outbreaks tend to be in tropical areas following rainy season or flooding. The most affected areas are the Caribbean and South East Asia. In these areas, there can be over 100 cases per 100,000 people each year. In Spain, the incidence is much lower, with 0.3 cases per 100,000 people each year.   

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