Causes and risk factors of Acute Myeloid Leukaemia

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As with most cancers, its cause is currently unknown. In some cases, there are risk factors that may favour its development.

Microscope image showing leukaemia

Previous bone marrow disease.

Intravenous chemotherapy bag

Previous chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy.

Toxics signal

Long exposure to certain toxic agents.

Nuclear power plant

High intensity radiation (atomic bombs).

Family and family tree indicating hereditary factors

Some hereditary diseases increase a person’s predisposition to AML (e.g., Fanconi anaemia, etc.). Although it must be remembered that AML is an acquired disease, not a hereditary one.

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Substantiated information by:

Laia Guardia Roca
Marina Díaz Beyá

Published: 8 April 2019
Updated: 8 April 2019

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