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Typhoid or enteric fever is a bacterial infection caused by Salmonella typhi and Salmonella paratyphi (A, B and C).
It is acquired by ingesting contaminated food or water.
It is estimated that there are around 12 million cases and 125,000 deaths every year around the world, especially in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. The greatest risk is in poor communities and vulnerable groups, including the infant population.
In Spain, the number of cases of typhoid fever has decreased in recent decades. Around 50 cases are confirmed each year, the majority of which correspond to patients who have travelled to risk zones.
Typhoid Fever Distribution
It is found in most of the world. The greatest impact is in the world’s most disadvantaged areas, primarily in tropical regions of Sub-Saharan Africa, the Indian subcontinent, South East Asia and Latin America.
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