We use our own and third party cookies to offer you our services, customize and analyze your browsing and show you advertising related to your preferences. By continuing to browse, we consider that you accept its use. You can change the settings and get more information in the
Memory loss. An inability to remember recent events (short-term memory loss) is the single most common and characteristic symptom of Alzheimer’s disease and is present from the onset in most cases. At the beginning, patients may be aware of their own memory problems, but sometimes the people close to them, e.g., family or friends, are the first to detect such problems. Memory loss manifests as forgetting about recent events and difficulty learning new skills, although individuals may remember events that occurred a long time ago. They forget conversations, appointments or tasks that were discussed shortly beforehand; repeat something or a question several times because they forget doing it; lose or misplace objects (keys, wallet/purse, cards, etc.). We all forget things from time to time but with Alzheimer’s disease it occurs frequently (several times a day), continuously (day after day for months on end), significantly (sufferers forget important things, not just trivial matters) and progressively (they forget increasingly more things and of increasing importance).
Difficulty planning and carrying out tasks. Patients may find it hard to complete complex tasks, whether because they do not finish them, they complete them incorrectly or they take much longer than normal. They eventually experience difficulties with even the simplest of tasks.
Disorientation to time and space. People with Alzheimer’s disease can find it hard to specify the current time, day, month, season or year. They can also present problems when orientating themselves in space, that is, they get lost easily; firstly in unfamiliar locations and later around their own home.
Language problems. Patients have trouble speaking (expression) or understanding what is explained to them (comprehension). Difficulty with language expression manifests as a loss of vocabulary and the patient sometimes uses wildcard words (“thing”, “this” or “that”) or produces a discontinuous train of speech. They may also find it hard to understand things, particularly in the case of long sentences.
Behavioural changes. In the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease, patients may present mood swings, become less motivated and neglect their everyday tasks. Given that patients are often unaware of the severity of their cognitive problems, they often react irritably to any help offered to them. Individuals in more advanced stages may sometimes misinterpret situations or perceive things differently (delusions or hallucinations) potentially leading to acts of verbal or physical aggression against themselves or others, especially in the evening or at night.
Altered sleep patterns. As the disease progresses patients normal sleep pattern often becomes disrupted. They may sleep during the day and at night, or experience problems maintaining sleep.
Motor disorders. Movement problems do not form part of the early symptoms associated with Alzheimer’s disease, but in later, more severe stages the brain’s control of movement is also affected and therefore patients may lose the capacity to walk or even sit upright in a chair.
We are sorry, we are working to improve PortalCLÍNIC. Help us become better, tell us why
Thanks for your help!
An error has occurred and we were unable to send your opinion, please try again later.
Substantiated information by:
Neus Falgas MartínezNeurologistNeurology Department
Raquel Sanchez del Valle DíazNeurology Head of Department
Soledad Barreiro GiganNurseDay Hospital for Neurodegenerative Diseases
Published: 9 April 2018
Updated: 9 April 2018
The donations that can be done through this webpage are exclusively for the benefit of Hospital Clínic of Barcelona through Fundació Clínic per a la Recerca Biomèdica and not for BBVA Foundation, entity that collaborates with the project of PortalClínic.
Receive the latest updates related to this content.
Thank you for subscribing!
If this is the first time you subscribe you will receive a confirmation email, check your inbox
An error occurred and we were unable to send your data, please try again later.