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Asthma has a genetic component, but this does not mean that it has to be passed on from parents to children in all cases. The development of asthma, as well as the genetic predisposition, depends on development factors and environment factors.
Yes. Physical exercise is recommended for patients with asthma provided that it is controlled. In asthma induced by exercise, it is advised to take a rapid-acting bronchodilator 10-15 minutes before starting the activity and practicing sport in places free of environmental contamination.
An action plan is a set of recommendations and strategies given to you by the doctor, in writing, in order to adjust the medication in case the symptoms get worse, and to avoid suffering an asthma attack.
Yes.The severity of an asthma attack can vary widely and can even improve with treatment at home. But, occasionally, the attack may be severe, develop with great rapidity and put the life of the patient at risk. For this reason, it is very important to know the warning signs and follow the action plan.
The inhaled glucocorticoids are the cornerstone of the treatment, being used to prevent attacks and control the asthma symptoms. They are drugs that have radically changed the natural course of the disease.
You must not stop the treatment. One-third of pregnant women with asthma can get worse during pregnancy. You must consult the doctor and have frequent check-ups. If you are well-controlled, the risk for you and your baby is very low.
That depends on whether you have an allergy. For example, if you have an allergy to dust mites and you change residence to high areas that are not humid, you will probably improve. But each case is variable.
There is an increase in the frequency in the symptoms, such as cough, hearing whistles, tightness in the chest, or shortness of breath on making any effort. Sometimes, the symptoms can get worse at night.
Some asthmatic patients are intolerant to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin, which can trigger an asthma attack. But, the majority of patients tolerate them well. Consult your doctor if you need them.
It is likely that you will have poor control of the disease and, also, you could increase the risk of suffering a respiratory disease that affects the bronchi, such as COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease).
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Substantiated information by:
Alejandra Lopez GiraldoPneumologistPneumology and Allergy Department
Antonio Valero SantiagoAllergistPneumology and Allergy Department
Irina BoboleaAllergistPneumology and Allergy Department
Rosa Cortés AguilarNursePneumology and Allergy Department
Published: 20 February 2018
Updated: 20 February 2018
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