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Carpal Tunnel syndrome is the compression of the median nerve in the wrist as it passes through the carpal tunnel. The entrapment of the nerve can lead to it being damaged over time.
The carpal tunnel is an anatomical space formed by the carpal bones, situated in the palmar area, and by the anterior annular or transverse carpal ligament in the dorsal area. The median nerve, the superficial and deep muscle tendons of the fingers, as well as the large flexor muscle of the thumb, pass through the tunnel.
How many people are affected by Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?
Carpal Tunnel syndrome is the most common nerve compression and usually occurs between the ages of 40 and 60 years. In Europe, it affects between 1% and 7% of the population, with a higher incidence in women. It can affect the two hands (bilateral), although the dominant hand is usually the most affected.
It is the most common occupational disease due to overuse, and in Spain it is included in 4 specific Occupational Health surveillance protocols: the manual handling of loads, repetitive movements, forced postures, and neuropathies.