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Mental illness or mental disorders are medium- to long-term emotional, cognitive and/or behavioural disorders affecting basic psychological processes like emotions, motivation, cognition, awareness, behaviour, perception, sensation, learning, language, etc. These symptoms make it more difficult for the person to adapt to their cultural and social environment and generally produce some type of subjective discomfort.
Mental illnesses, like any other disease, must be diagnosed by specialists and require appropriate treatment.
It is not easy to establish cause and effect in the appearance of mental illness; there are usually multiple factors influencing it, which may be biological (biochemical or metabolical alterations, etc.), psychological (life experiences, learning, etc.) and social (culture, social circle, family, etc.).
Luisa Lázaro GarcíaPsychiatristChild and Youth Psychiatry and Psychology Head of Department
Published: 7 October 2019
Updated: 7 October 2019
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