Causes and risk factors

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Monkeypox is an infectious disease caused by Orthopoxvirus, a type of virus that infects animals and humans and usually causes skin manifestations. It is transmitted through the skin, the respiratory tract and the mucous membranes.

Person-to-person transmission described so far includes:

  • The respiratory route: via large droplets at a short distance; it is not transmitted therefore by aerosols.
  • Due to prolonged contact: direct contact with biological fluids or material from lesions as well as indirect contact, such as contaminated clothing.

Substantiated information by:

Anna Vilella
Antoni Trilla

Published: 27 May 2022
Updated: 27 May 2022

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