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Patients with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) may have lifelong symptoms and an increased risk of mid- and long-term complications such as diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure, increased blood lipids and cardiovascular risk.
In patients who have had prolonged periods with no menstruation (amenorrhoea) or infrequent menstruation (oligomenorrhoea), prevention and monitoring of uterine complications (hyperplasia and endometrial cancer) should be carried out.
Pregnancy is also associated with an increased risk of complications in patients with PCOS. Although there has only recently been interest in the impact of PCOS in later life, it is essential to perform adequate follow-up during and after menopause until more data is available.