Symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

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The main symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome are:  

  • Hyperandrogenism. Increase in androgens (male hormones) in the blood and/or symptoms associated with this increase such as excess hair, acne, alopecia, voice tone. 
  • Complete absence of menstruation (amenorrhoea) or irregular menstrual cycles.  
  • Polycystic ovary morphology by ultrasound. This is characterised by an increase in the volume and number of follicles (the structures in which eggs develop). 

Additionally, patients with PCOS more often present:  

  • Infertility due to ovulatory cycle disorders. PCOS accounts for 80% of cases of infertility due to ovulatory problems.  
  • Excess weight and obesity
  • Changes to glucose metabolism: from insulin resistance to glucose intolerance and diabetes mellitus. 
  • High blood pressure, high levels of cholesterol (dyslipidaemia) and metabolic syndrome
  • Psychiatric disorders, especially anxiety and depressive disorders.

Substantiated information by:

Gemma Casals i Soler

Published: 28 May 2021
Updated: 28 May 2021

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