Bronchiolitis is a respiratory infection that affects suckling infants. It mainly occurs in the small airways, particularly in the bronchioles.
It can cause oedema (swelling) and it can increase mucus production, thereby leading to obstruction. It is the most common lower respiratory tract infection in infants and is the leading cause of hospitalisation in children under two years of age, particularly among those under twelve months.
It is important to emphasise prevention and hygiene measures, both at home and at healthcare centres, as they are essential in controlling the disease.
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