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Chikunguña is a febrile illness transmitted by mosquito bites. It was first identified in Tanzania, in 1952. The word “chikunguña” means “doubled over in pain”.
Distribution of Chikingunya
The disease has progressively spread through many tropical and subtropical areas around the world, and in recent decades there have been widespread outbreaks in Africa, South East Asia, Pacific and Indian Ocean Islands and Latin America. It has been detected in more than 60 countries in Asia, Africa, Europe and the Americas.
In Europe, most cases are imported following a trip to an endemic zone. In recent years, some endemic cases have been described in Italy and France, in people who had not travelled beforehand. This is due to the presence of the tiger mosquito, which is also able to transmit the disease to other areas.