Diagnosis of Endometrial Cancer

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Anybody with any suspicious sign or symptom should go for a gynaecology consultation and assessment. Healthcare professionals will ask the patient questions and perform a physical examination. The following diagnostic tests may also be ordered:  

Gynecological ecography

Vaginal ultrasound: Insertion of an ultrasound probe through the vagina to measure the thickness of the endometrium. 

Endometrial Biopsis by Aspiration

Endometrial aspiration biopsy: For blind biopsies of the endometrium which can be done in outpatient clinics. 

Endometrial Biopsis by Aspiration

Hysteroscopy with biopsy: Insertion of a small camera inside the uterus for a direct view of the endometrium and for taking targeted biopsies. This can be performed under local anaesthesia or under sedation in the operating room. It is an outpatient procedure. 

If the diagnosis is confirmed, some of the following additional tests may be requested:  

Magnetic Resonance Imaging or MRI machine

Magnetic resonance imaging of the abdomen and pelvis: This test best assesses the locoregional extension of the tumour

Syringe to perform serological testing and determine analytical parameters

Blood test with tumour markers. 

Substantiated information by:

Ana Carrión Aliaga
Ariel Glickman
Aureli Torné Bladé
Berta Diaz-Feijoo
Lydia Gaba

Published: 9 March 2022
Updated: 9 March 2022

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