Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) encompasses a wide range of physical, mental, behavioural and cognitive abnormalities that a person may exhibit if they were exposed to alcohol during their prenatal development.
Within this spectrum of disorders, the most severe is Foetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS). It is characterised by morphological abnormalities (particularly craniofacial defects), stunted growth and cognitive, behavioural, socialisation and learning disabilities (due to problems with the development of the central nervous system).
The main cause is obviously alcohol consumption during pregnancy. We must understand that alcohol is not a safe substance at all, and that it affects the baby right from the beginning of pregnancy.
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