We use our own and third party cookies to offer you our services, customize and analyze your browsing and show you advertising related to your preferences. By continuing to browse, we consider that you accept its use. You can change the settings and get more information in the
The presence of goitre indicates impaired function of the thyroid gland, so it is important to diagnose the cause of the goitre. The main tests are:
Blood tests. To determine whether the thyroid is functioning properly.
Cervical ultrasound. To measure the size of the thyroid and detect the presence of nodules. If the thyroid is diffusely enlarged and the blood test shows hyperthyroidism (increased thyroid hormones), this will be supplemented with autoimmunity tests to help diagnose the disease. If the thyroid secretes too little hormone (hypothyroidism) it is more likely to be Hashimoto's thyroiditis or a multinodular goitre.
Other tests such as a cervical fine needle aspiration (FNA) or a cervical scan with radioactive iodine may be necessary to complete the diagnosis.