What are Inguinal and Crural Hernias?

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Inguinal and Crural Hernias are a type of hernia. A hernia is a weakness in the abdominal wall that makes the organs or structures inside the abdomen protrude (herniate), causing a lump to appear. This lump can appear in different areas, but the groin and the navel are the most frequent.

Inguinal hernia is the most common of all hernias, and occurs when tissue, the contents of the abdomen or preperitoneal fat protrude into the groin area (through the inguinal canal). It is more common in men, and it can sometimes descend to the testicles.

A femoral or crural hernia also occurs in the groin area, but it is not as close to the pubic bone as an inguinal hernia. Between 5-15% of adults have an inguinal or crural hernia. It is more common in women, with a ratio of 12/1. It accounts for 3-45% of all hernias in the inguinal region.

1-3% of full-term babies have an inguinal hernia. In 2015, there were more than 16,000 patients on the waiting list for surgical treatment in Spain, and it is the second most frequent surgical procedure, exceeded only by cataract surgery. It is estimated that around 20 million of these hernias are repaired around the world every year.

The donations that can be done through this webpage are exclusively for the benefit of Hospital Clínic of Barcelona through Fundació Clínic per a la Recerca Biomèdica and not for BBVA Foundation, entity that collaborates with the project of PortalClínic.


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