Signs and symptoms of Lumbar disc Herniation

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In most cases, the first symptom of lumbar disc herniation is a lower back pain that can last a few days and then improve. The pain is often followed by numbness or weakness of the leg and is described as extending from the back or the gluteal muscle, down to the legs and can reach the feet.

The symptoms may be one or all of the following:

Low back pain

Back pain. 

Person with pain in the hip and leg

 Leg and/or foot pain (sciatica). 

Numbness of the leg

Numbness or feeling of pins and needles in the leg and/or foot. 

Foot numbness

Weakness of the leg and/or foot. 

Person standing with diarrhoea cramps

Loss of control of the bladder or bowels (extremely rare). This could indicate a more serious problem called horse-tail syndrome, a condition caused by the compression of spinal nerve roots. It requires immediate medical attention. 

Not all patients have pain as a disc degenerates. For the health professional it continues to be an enormous challenge to determine whether the source of pain in a patient is a disc that is wearing out. 

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Substantiated information by:

José Poblete Carrizo
Salvador Fuster

Published: 29 October 2019
Updated: 29 October 2019

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