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Age. In many cases, disc herniation is associated with the natural ageing of the vertebral column. In children and young adults, the discs have a high water content. As the body ages, the vertebral discs start to become dry and are weakened. They start to shrink and the spaces between the vertebrae are reduced. This normal process of ageing is called disc degeneration.
Besides the normal wear that comes with age, other factors can increase the probability of suffering a disc herniation. The risk factors of having a disc herniation can help to prevent these problems in the future.
Gender. Males between 30 and 50 years have a greater probability of having a disc herniation.
To carry weights improperly. Using back muscles to lift heavy objects, instead of using the muscles of the legs, can cause a disc herniation. Turning the body whilst lifting an object can also make the back more vulnerable.
Overweight. Overweight increases pressure to the discs of the lumbar area.
Repetitive activities that overload the vertebral column. Many jobs are physically demanding and constantly require stretching, bending, arching, or twisting. Applying safe techniques to carry and move objects can help protect the back.
Driving vehicles frequently. To remain seated for long periods with the vibration of the motor of the automobile can increase pressure to the column and discs.
Sedentary lifestyle. Doing regular exercise is important for the prevention of many medical conditions, including a disc herniation.
Smoking. Smoking decreases the supply of oxygen to the disc and causes a more rapid degeneration.
Published: 29 October 2019
Updated: 29 October 2019
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