We use our own and third party cookies to offer you our services, customize and analyze your browsing and show you advertising related to your preferences. By continuing to browse, we consider that you accept its use. You can change the settings and get more information in the
Several factors are involved in the development of osteoporosis. Some of them can be modified, such as smoking, whereas others cannot, such as age, gender or the presence of certain diseases. It is important to concentrate on the modifiable factors as they can be corrected in order to reduce the risk of developing osteoporosis.
Non-modifiable risk factors
The main risk factors for suffering an osteoporosis-related fracture are age, a medical history of prior fractures and a low bone density, as determined by bone density scans. Due to the progressive deterioration of bone tissue as we grow older, age is a significant factor in the development of fractures. It is well-known that the frequency of hip fractures, a fracture typically associated with osteoporosis, increases with age.
Furthermore, it is important to note that patients who suffer a vertebral fracture are exposed to a greater risk of a second vertebral fracture occurring within one year. There is also an increased chance of suffering a second fracture within the first year after a wrist or hip fracture. Low bone mass, identified by bone densitometry, is also associated with a greater risk of fractures; as bone mass decreases, the risk of fracture increases.
In over half of cases, osteoporosis is associated with the patient's age and the menopause. However, around one third of patients treated in rheumatology may also be going through other processes besides the menopause. Therefore the term secondary osteoporosis exists and is defined as osteoporosis associated with certain diseases, surgical interventions or treatments, e.g., coeliac disease or conditions that affect the thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism) or parathyroid glands (hyperparathyroidism), treatment with glucocorticoids, etc.
Sorry this content wasn't helpful to you. Send us your comment and we will take it into account to continue improving.
Thanks for your help!
An error has occurred and we were unable to send your opinion, please try again later.
Substantiated information by:
Celia Saura DemurNurseRheumatology Department
Núria Guañabens GayRheumatologistRheumatology Department
Pilar Peris BernalRheumatologistRheumatology Department
Published: 20 February 2018
Updated: 20 February 2018
The donations that can be done through this webpage are exclusively for the benefit of Hospital Clínic of Barcelona through Fundació Clínic per a la Recerca Biomèdica and not for BBVA Foundation, entity that collaborates with the project of PortalClínic.
Receive the latest updates related to this content.
Thank you for subscribing!
If this is the first time you subscribe you will receive a confirmation email, check your inbox
An error occurred and we were unable to send your data, please try again later.
Subscribe to the Newsletter of Clínic
Receive the latest news from our institution directly to your email.
Thanks for your subscription!
We have received your information. Check your inbox, in a few moments you will receive a confirmation email.
An error has occurred and we have not been able to send your data, please try again later.
More about assistance and health
Join our job pool
Hospital Clínic de Barcelona looks for talented professionals to cover job openings on a regular basis.