Test and diagnosis of Osteoporosis

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Osteoporosis is diagnosed in accordance with recommendations established by the World Health Organization (WHO), in function of densitometry results and the presence of any bone fractures. 

Standing doctor pointing at a notepad with a clinical history

Medical history of fragility fractures.

Lying person undergoing a bone densitometry test

Bone densitometry is a simple test used to assess bone mineral density and compare the results with healthy individuals.

Other complementary tests:

Blood collection tube

Blood analysis. To rule out other diseases associated with osteoporosis and/or fractures. It is therefore important to measure blood calcium and phosphate levels as these are the main constituents of bone. Vitamin D levels should also be analysed

Magnetic Resonance Imaging or MRI machine

Computed tomography (CT), medical resonance imaging (MRI) or bone scintigraphy. Imaging tests are not a prerequisite for the diagnosis of osteoporosis, but they can help determine the individual characteristics of bone fractures and establish the medical approach. 

Substantiated information by:

Celia Saura Demur
Núria Guañabens Gay
Pilar Peris Bernal

Published: 20 February 2018
Updated: 20 February 2018

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