- What is it?
- Caring at home
- Taking care of yourself
- Postural hygiene for carers
- Dependent person
- Communication with the dependent person
- Mobilising the dependent person
- Nutrition and the elderly
- Personal hygiene
- Urinary incontinence
- Changes in bowel movements
- Pressure sores
- Changes in behaviour
- The comunication
- Home environment and dementia
- Lack of appetite and dementia
- Changes in behaviour and dementia
- INFOSA project
Changes in bowel movements
The symptoms of constipation are hard, dry stools, with difficult, painful evacuation. Reduced mobility and a low fluid intake are key risk factors for constipation. Taking certain medication may also aid constipation.
- Monitor bowel movements
- Increase the intake of fibre: beans, whole-wheat bread, fruit, vegetables
- Increase the intake of liquids
- Facilitate access to the toilet
- Respond quickly when the person expresses the need to go to the toilet – do not delay it
- As far as possible, carry out some form of physical exercise, and if the person cannot move, opt for passive exercise and give abdominal massages using a clockwise motion
Important: in case of constipation and of diarrhoea, it is important to drink lots of liquid.
In case of <a href="/en/assistance/diseases/constipation">constipation</a> and of diarrhoea, it is important to drink lots of liquid.
Diarrhoea is the evacuation of overly liquid faeces, sometimes accompanied by abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. The advice of a professional should be sought if the diarrhoea contains any blood, and if the diarrhoea lasts for more than a week and/or is accompanied by abdominal pain, fever or vomiting that prevents the intake of liquids.
In the event of diarrhoea:
- Ensure good hygiene, paying particular attention to the perineum area, as liquid faeces are an irritant
- A soft diet is recommended
- Add astringent foods into the diet: rice, carrot, apple, bananas, raw tomato and/or cooked fish cooked (not in broth)
- Avoid dehydration by providing liquids: infusions, fresh juices, water. Give frequently in small amounts
- Avoid liquids that are either very hot or very cold, as they stimulate the gut
- Identify why the person is suffering from faecal and urinary incontinence: medication, infections or psychological disorders
- Establish routines to control and normalise the situation as far as possible
- Be vigilant with hygiene to prevent infections and lesions
- Use any aid to minimise the consequences of the incontinence. Seek professional help – the nurse will assist you