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To prevent the virus, you should follow the general protection measures for any respiratory illness:
Wash your hands frequently using soap and water or solutions containing alcohol.
Cover your mouth and nose with tissues and wash your hands immediately.
Cover your mouth and nose with the inside of your elbow when coughing or sneezing, and wash your hands immediately.
Avoid sharing food, utensils or other objects without cleaning them properly first.
It is not necessary to take special precautions with animals in Spain, nor with food, to avoid this infection.
Use of the mask
Masks help prevent the virus being spread to the exterior if a person sneezes or coughs. It is, therefore, a good way to try to reduce infections in cases of a respiratory virus epidemic, including coronavirus and the flu. Masks are therefore designed to contain the virus in symptomatic people, rather than be used by healthy people. Improper use of masks may lead to a shortage in the situations for which they are really necessary.
Recommendations for people who use face masks
In the case that you are instructed to wear a mask, the World Health Organisation advises the following:
Make sure it covers the mouth and nose and fits snugly, minimising any separation between the mask and the face.
Avoid touching the mask while you are wearing it.
When removing the mask, do not touch the front of it. Instead use the strap at the back. Once you have taken it off, wash your hands.
When the mask is wet, it should be replaced with a clean, dry one.
Disposable masks should be thrown away. They should not be recycled to save money, as they do not guarantee protection.
There is still no vaccine for COVID-19. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO) there are more than 20 vaccines in development worldwide and clinical trials have begun. But the WHO estimates that it will take 12 to 18 months before a vaccine becomes available.