Preventive measures for Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2

Reading time: 2 min

To prevent the virus, you should follow the general protection measures for any respiratory illness:

Hand washing

Wash your hands frequently using soap and water or solutions containing alcohol.


Cover your mouth and nose with tissues and wash your hands immediately.

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Cover your mouth and nose with the inside of your elbow when coughing or sneezing, and wash your hands immediately.

Glass of water

Avoid sharing food, utensils or other objects without cleaning them properly first.

Recommendations for people who use face masks

In the case that you are instructed to wear a mask, the World Health Organisation advises the following:

  • Make sure it covers the mouth and nose and fits snugly, minimising any separation between the mask and the face.
  • Avoid touching the mask while you are wearing it.
  • When removing the mask, do not touch the front of it. Instead use the strap at the back. Once you have taken it off, wash your hands.
  • When the mask is wet, it should be replaced with a clean, dry one.
  • Disposable masks should be thrown away. They should not be recycled to save money, as they do not guarantee protection.


There is still no vaccine for COVID-19. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO) there are more than 20 vaccines in development worldwide and clinical trials have begun. But the WHO estimates that it will take 12 to 18 months before a vaccine becomes available.

Substantiated information by:

Antoni Trilla
Eduard Vieta Pascual
Josep Maria Peri
Maica Rubinat
Mariona Violan

Published: 12 March 2020
Updated: 12 March 2020


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