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To prevent the virus, you should follow the general protection measures:
Wear the mask when the minimum safety distance of 1.5 m cannot be maintained.
Wash your hands frequently using soap and water or solutions containing alcohol.
Use tissues and wash your hands immediately.
Avoid sharing food, utensils or other objects.
It is not necessary to take special precautions with animals in Spain, nor with food, to avoid this infection.
Use of the mask
The use of the mask is only mandatory in closed places where the safety distance of 1.5 m cannot be maintained. Masks help prevent the virus being spread to the exterior if a person sneezes or coughs. It is, therefore, a good way to try to reduce infections in cases of a respiratory virus epidemic, including coronavirus and the flu. Masks are therefore designed to contain the virus in symptomatic people, rather than be used by healthy people.
Recommendations for people who use face masks
For a proper use of the mask, the World Health Organisation advises the following:
Make sure it covers the mouth and nose and fits snugly, minimising any separation between the mask and the face.
Avoid touching the mask while you are wearing it.
When removing the mask, do not touch the front of it. Instead use the strap at the back. Once you have taken it off, wash your hands.
When the mask is wet, it should be replaced with a clean, dry one.
Disposable masks should be thrown away. They should not be recycled to save money, as they do not guarantee protection.
Tips to prevent skin problems caused by the use of masks
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Substantiated information by:
Antoni TrillaSenior Consultant Head of the Department of Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology
Eduard Vieta PascualPsychiatristPsychiatry and Psychology Head of Department
Gema Maria Lledó IbáñezMédico internistaServicio de enfermedades autoinmunes
Jacobo Sellarés TorresPulmonologistPneumology Department
Josep M. Miró Meda
Josep Maria PeriClinical psychologist
Maica RubinatSpecialist in Sports MedicineGeneral Secretary for Sport and Physical Activity of the Generalitat de Catalunya
Mariona ViolanSpecialist in Sports MedicineGeneral Secretary for Sport and Physical Activity of the Generalitat de Catalunya
Published: 12 March 2020
Updated: 12 March 2020
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