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In general, the risk to pregnant women is low. However, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO), pregnant women who are older, overweight, or have diseases such as hypertension or diabetes are at greater risk of developing a serious form of COVID-19.
When a pregnant woman has a serious case of COVID-19, the risk of complications is greater than in women of the same age, and there seems to be a higher chance of developing respiratory problems that require intensive care. Most of these respiratory problems occur in pregnant women in their third trimester, or a few weeks after giving birth. Infection during the first and second trimester of pregnancy is associated with few complications.
Pregnant women should follow the same recommendations as the general population to prevent the spread of SARS-CoV-2:
Wear a face mask.
Wash your hands frequently.
Keep a safe distance from others and avoid crowded enclosed spaces.
If you have symptoms, you should quickly contact the Primary Care Centre to evaluate the case and request a PCR or antigen test to confirm infection.
Children and Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2
So far, children have mostly contracted mild forms of this disease, although there may always be some serious cases. This is the same every year with the flu, where some children do die. The associated mortality is very low (0.2% for those under 18).
Children are major transmitters of the flu, but do not appear to be good transmitters of COVID-19. In fact, they are more easily infected by adults than the other way around, although these are observations from China and are only anecdotal.
Younger children are also fearful of disease and epidemics. We have to explain the situation to them properly, reassure them and let them live their lives as normally as possible. They must follow the same precautions as adults.