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In general, the risk to pregnant women is low. However, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO), pregnant women who are older, overweight, or have diseases such as hypertension or diabetes are at greater risk of developing a serious form of COVID-19.
When a pregnant woman has a serious case of COVID-19, the risk of complications is greater than in women of the same age, and there seems to be a higher chance of developing respiratory problems that require intensive care. Most of these respiratory problems occur in pregnant women in their third trimester, or a few weeks after giving birth. Infection during the first and second trimester of pregnancy is associated with few complications.
Pregnant women should follow the same recommendations as the general population to prevent the spread of SARS-CoV-2:
Wear a face mask.
Wash your hands frequently.
Keep a safe distance from others and avoid crowded enclosed spaces.
If you have symptoms, you should quickly contact the Primary Care Centre to evaluate the case and request a PCR or antigen test to confirm infection.
Children and Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2
Children suffering from chronicdiseases and pregnant women have been included in the priority lists for vaccination against COVID-19, at the request of the Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunisation (SAGE) of the World Health Organisation (WHO).
According to the World Health Organisation, of all COVID-19 cases reported worldwide in 2020, children under the age of 18 account for about 8%, despite making up 29% of the world's population. Studies conducted to date suggest that school-aged children are less likely to contract the virus, and suffer from milder forms of the disease, although severe cases are always possible. This is the same every year with the flu, from which some children do die. The associated mortality is very low (0.2% for those under the age of 18).
Children are major transmitters of the flu, but do not appear to be good transmitters of COVID-19. In fact, they are more easily infected by adults than the other way around, although these are observations from China and are only anecdotal.
Younger children are also fearful of disease and epidemics. We have to explain the situation to them properly, reassure them and let them live their lives as normally as possible. They must follow the same precautions as adults.