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Causes and risk factors associated with High blood pressure
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The vast majority of cases correspond to what is known as primary or “essential” hypertension. Although there is no specific cause of primary hypertension, the following circumstances are among some of those known to play a crucial role in its development:
All the factors above that are related to lifestyle cause the early onset of arterial stiffening.
Other specific, but less common, causes lead to what is known as secondary hypertension. Secondary hypertension, which is much less common than the primary type, may be the result of several conditions, such as endocrine disorders, renal artery or kidney disease, sleep apnoea syndromes or hypertension associated with central nervous system disorders.
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Substantiated information by:
Antonio Coca PayerasMedical InternistInternal Medicine Department
Cristina Sierra BenitoMedical InternistInternal Medicine Department
Dolors Estrada RaventósServicio de Medicina Interna
Miguel Camafort BabkowskiMedical InternistInternal Medicine Department
Mónica Doménech Feria-CarotMédica InternistaServicio de Medicina Interna
Rosa Soriano GiménezNurseInternal Medicine Department
Published: 20 February 2018
Updated: 20 February 2018
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