Symptoms of anxiety disorders

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The symptoms of anxiety are divided into three large areas that are related to each other:

Person holding hands to neck, sweating, pale, unable to breathe, feeling short of breath, short of breath, choking or breathlessness

Physical feelings. Physical sensations are usually generated by one of the body’s systems (the autonomic nervous system) which is automatically activated when the person is alarmed. Some of the most frequent feelings are: breathing difficulties or rapid breathing, dizziness, dry mouth, accelerated heart rate, tremors, muscle tension, sweating, knots in the stomach or throat, motor restlessness, etc.

Person with pessimistic thoughts

Thoughts. When a person is very anxious or fearful, thoughts can become ‘contaminated’ by these intense emotions. That is to say, thoughts can become exaggeratedly negative or catastrophic to the point of thinking that something bad will happen beyond the person’s control, they will lose control, or we will all die. It is also common to think that others will misconceive what we want to say or do resulting in rejection, or that something will go wrong resulting in the person failing.

Emotional support between two women

Behaviors. People with anxiety disorders usually do things to try to reduce their anxiety. They adopt what is known as security behaviors, that is, they avoid situations that generate anxiety, such as taking the subway, or use some ‘tricks’ to help reduce this discomfort, such as going somewhere accompanied or carrying a good luck charm.

Substantiated information by:

Eduard Forcadell López
Luisa Lázaro García
Miquel Àngel Fullana Rivas
Sara Lera Miguel

Published: 29 January 2019
Updated: 29 January 2019

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