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Cardiac insufficiency, also known as heart failure, occurs when the heart cannot pump strongly enough to make sufficient blood reach the entire body. Thus the organs receive less blood and fluid tends to accumulate in the lungs, legs and abdomen. Consequently, people with heart failure feel weaker, tired or experience shortness of breath. Daily activities, such as walking, climbing stairs, lifting shopping, etc., may become much harder.
How many people are affected by Cardiac Insufficiency?
Cardiac insufficiency is very common and affects between 10–20% of people aged between 70 and 80 years. In Spain, cardiac insufficiency, a.k.a. heart failure, is the third highest cause of cardiovascular mortality and represents 15% of all deaths in this category. It is also the primary cause of hospitalisation in people aged over 65. The 5-year post-diagnosis survival rate is 50%.