Symptoms of Cardiac Insufficiency

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In general, cardiac insufficiency develops progressively, occurring in regular episodes but with increasing symptoms; however, in some cases the onset can be acute, i.e., without any prior history or signs. 

The most common signs and symptoms are: 

Tired, sweating man

Tiredness or fatigue, inability to endure strain.

Person holding hands to neck, sweating, pale, unable to breathe, feeling short of breath, choking or breathlessness

Shortness of breath (dyspnoea) when having to strain or when lying face up (orthopnea).

Swelling and pain in the feet

Swelling (oedema) of the legs, ankles or feet.

Electrocardiogram monitor

Rapid or irregular heart rhythm.

Exercising person with a down arrow indicating fatigue

Decreased capacity for exercise.

Person with persistent cough

Chronic cough or wheezing with whitish or pinkish phlegm.

Abdominal pain at night due to nocturnal bowel movements

Increased need to urinate at night.

Standing person with swollen abdomen or ascites

Swelling of the abdomen (ascites).

Scale with an arrow pointing upwards indicating a weight increase

Weight gain due to fluid retention.

Closed stomach, lack of appetite and anorexia

Decreased appetite and nausea.

Confused man at table with papers with question marks on his head

Difficulty concentrating and decreased alertness.

Substantiated information by:

Evelyn Santiago Vacas
Felix Pérez Villa
Josefina Casal Rodríguez

Published: 20 February 2018
Updated: 20 February 2018

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