Symptoms of Cardiac Insufficiency

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In general, cardiac insufficiency develops progressively, occurring in regular episodes but with increasing symptoms; however, in some cases the onset can be acute, i.e., without any prior history or signs. 

The most common signs and symptoms are: 


Tiredness or fatigue, inability to endure strain.

shortness of breath or dyspnoea

Shortness of breath (dyspnoea) when having to strain or when lying face up (orthopnea).

Swelling and pain in the legs

Swelling (oedema) of the legs, ankles or feet.


Rapid or irregular heart rhythm.

Man doing exercise and arrow down

Decreased capacity for exercise.

Persistent cough

Chronic cough or wheezing with whitish or pinkish phlegm.

nocturnal stools

Increased need to urinate at night.

swelling of the abdomen, ascites

Swelling of the abdomen (ascites).

Weight  scale with arrow up

Weight gain due to fluid retention.

Closed stomach, Loss of appetite

Decreased appetite and nausea.

Confused man with question marks in his head

Difficulty concentrating and decreased alertness.

Substantiated information by:

Evelyn Santiago Vacas
Felix Pérez Villa
Josefina Casal Rodríguez

Published: 20 February 2018
Updated: 20 February 2018


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