Reading time: 2 min

Kidney transplantation is a surgical treatment in which a healthy kidney obtained from a living or deceased donor is grafted into a patient with end-stage chronic kidney disease to restore the functions of the kidney.

One year after transplantation, more than 95% of patients do not require dialysis, and they generally have a reasonably good quality of life.

The objective of the transplant is to restore the functions of the kidney, which include depuration of toxins from the blood, achieving hydro-electrolyte equilibrium (balance between the amount of water and minerals), and hormone synthesis, among others, thereby avoiding the need for patient dialysis. 

Types of kidney transplant

Kidney transplantations are classified according to the type of donor. 

  • Living donor transplant. In this case, the kidney comes from a healthy person (a family member or friend) who voluntarily donates the organ to a loved one. Prior to donation, different medical studies are performed on the donor and the recipient to confirm the viability of the donation and the compatibility between both individuals.  
  • Deceased donor transplant. There are currently two different types of deceased donor: brain-dead donors and cardiac-death donors. After acceptance by the donor’s relatives, the viability of the organs to be transplanted will be reviewed and, if they are viable, they are extracted.  

Substantiated information by:

Fritz Diekmann
Mireia Musquera Felip

Published: 19 April 2021
Updated: 19 April 2021


Receive the latest updates related to this content.

Thank you for subscribing!

If this is the first time you subscribe you will receive a confirmation email, check your inbox

An error occurred and we were unable to send your data, please try again later.