Causes of Age-related Macular Degeneration

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The main cause of age-related macular degeneration, both in the early forms and the wet and dry advanced forms, is ageing. Smoking, vitamin deficiency and, in some cases, a certain genetic predisposition are also known to be determining factors.

Elderly man with a cane

Aged 60-65 or over.

DNA molecule or helix

A family history of AMD.


Smoker or ex-smoker.

Apple with a "tic"

Diets high in fats and/or low in nutrients and antioxidants.


Prolonged exposure to the sun.

A person lying on a sofa or bed representing sedentary lifestyles

Sedentary lifestyle.

Substantiated information by:

Javier Zarranz Ventura
Mª Socorro Alforja  Castiella
Ricardo P Casaroli Marano

Published: 20 February 2018
Updated: 21 September 2022

The donations that can be done through this webpage are exclusively for the benefit of Hospital Clínic of Barcelona through Fundació Clínic per a la Recerca Biomèdica and not for BBVA Foundation, entity that collaborates with the project of PortalClínic.


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