Causes of Age-related Macular Degeneration

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The main cause of age-related macular degeneration, both in the early forms and the wet and dry advanced forms, is ageing. Smoking, vitamin deficiency and, in some cases, a certain genetic predisposition are also known to be determining factors.

Old man

Aged 60-65 or over.


Affects more women than men.


A family history of AMD.


Smoker or ex-smoker.


Diets high in fats and/or low in nutrients and antioxidants.


Prolonged exposure to the sun.

sedentary lifestyle

Sedentary lifestyle.

Substantiated information by:

Javier Zarranz
Mª Socorro Alforja  Castiella
Ricardo P Casaroli-Marano

Published: 20 February 2018
Updated: 20 February 2018


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