Symptoms of Age-related Macular Degeneration

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The early stages of AMD produce very few specific symptoms. It is often diagnosed when patients visit a specialist because they are experiencing a loss of visual acuity.

People with AMD can have:

Blurred person, representing blurred vision

Slightly blurred central vision.

Blurred landscape depicting a blurred vision

Diffuse or cloudy central vision worsening as the disease advances.

Distorted landscape representing a blotchy or distorted vision

Spotty or distorted vision making it difficult to read, drive or recognise familiar faces.

Distorted Amsler grille

Straight lines may appear wavy.

Vision with black spots or blind spots

Blind spots.

Cards to test colour and texture vision

Difficulty distinguishing textures or differentiating colours.


Difficulty adjusting to changes in lighting.

Bulb with + symbol indicating need for more light

A need for more light to carry out daily tasks.

Person with mountains behind

A loss of depth perception.

If you experience an accelerated and/or sudden decline or a loss of vision, then you should visit an ophthalmologist (eye specialist) as soon as possible.

Substantiated information by:

Javier Zarranz Ventura
Mª Socorro Alforja  Castiella
Ricardo P Casaroli Marano

Published: 20 February 2018
Updated: 21 September 2022

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