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Varicose veins cannot always be avoided, but some pieces of advice may be followed in order for the disease not to progress:
Keep the skin clean and well hydrated.
Avoid sources of heat. Direct exposure to the sun, heaters, hot baths, thermal baths, saunas, hot depilation.
Have cold showers and massage with a jet of water from the feet to the thighs.
Rest with the legs raised (ideally above the level of the heart) for several times during the day and during the night.
Avoid being on yourfeet for long periods.
Do not wear very tight clothing that makes venous circulation difficult.
Alcohol and tobacco. They have no direct association with the evolution of the varicose disease, although they can have a negative and indirect influence due to their association with overweight and sedentarism.
Diet. A correct and balance diet is important to control weight and avoid obesity.
Exercise. One of the most important measures for varicose veins is to practice sports regularly, especially walking. The moving of the leg muscles helps pump the blood towards the heart and prevents it from accumulating and swelling the veins. At the same time, it improves any discomfort that you may have. Cycling and swimming are also recommended.
Travelling. Be aware of tourist class syndrome, which mainly affects those with a history of significant varicose veins, venous thrombosis, or blood coagulation disorders.
To prevent the appearance of tourist class syndrome
The tourist class syndrome was coined in the late 90s when it was observed that people who traveled for long hours (more than 4 hours) by plane, car or coach were at greater risk of having venous thrombosis. In this sense it is recommended:
Consult with the doctor before travelling in order to assess the risk and the need to use compression stockings or specific treatment to prevent these disorders.
Wear comfortable clothes and shoes for travelling, particularly, that they are not tight.
Walk every one or two hours if possible.
Drink small amounts of water. Avoid alcoholic drinks, tranquilisers or sleeping pills.
Perform foot exercises, mainly flexing and extending them, and circular movements with the ankles.
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Substantiated information by:
Esther Armans MorenoNursingCardiovascular Surgery Department
Xavier Yugueros CastellnouVascular SurgeonCardiovascular Surgery Department
Published: 19 June 2018
Updated: 19 June 2018
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