We use our own and third party cookies to offer you our services, customize and analyze your browsing and show you advertising related to your preferences. By continuing to browse, we consider that you accept its use. You can change the settings and get more information in the
Sleep disorders are very common in the population. They affect children, adults and the elderly.
The most common sleep disorder is insomnia, both acute and chronic. Snoring, obstructive apnoea, sleepwalking, sleep paralysis and restless leg syndrome are also very common; each of them separately affecting 5% of the population temporarily or chronically.
There are other less common disorders, such as REM sleep behaviour disorder, night eating syndrome, catathrenia, narcolepsy and fatal familial insomnia; however, it is important to know about them due to their seriousness.
There are also differences between the sexes. Pregnancy and menopause are associated with specific sleep disorders in women. In men, however, nocturia due to prostate problems is a cause of sleep fragmentation.
From a neurological point of view, it is important to know that some autoimmune and neurodegenerative diseases and some types of cancer are often associated with sleep disorders; so these can be a common reason for consulting a doctor. Some examples are multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease and central nervous system tumours.