Risk factors of Dry Eye

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The most common risk factors are:


Being female.

Woman growing older from childhood to old age

Advanced age.



Person of Asian origin

Person of Asian origin.

Ipad with text and graphics

Use of computers.

Droplets with a downward pointing arrow representing a low humidity environment

Environment with low relative humidity.

Eye with contact lens

Use of contact lenses and refractive surgery.


Alterations in sex hormones and replacement therapy in the menopause.

Other less frequent factors are:

Medicinal products with a sign warning of their use

The adverse (side) effects of certain systemic drugs (antiserotinergics, tranquilisers, antipsychotics, anti-parkinsonians, anti-histamines, antidepressants, anti-cholinergics, anti-hypertensives, anti-oestrogens, contraceptives).

Tube and hand with moisturiser

The effects of chronic topical medication at eye level (anaesthetics, antimicrobials, anti-cholinergics, beta-blockers, especially if they have preservatives).

Sign warning of the danger of getting make-up in the eye

Make-up that enters within the eye.

Substantiated information by:

Maria Teresa Sáinz de la Maza Sierra

Published: 23 May 2019
Updated: 23 May 2019

The donations that can be done through this webpage are exclusively for the benefit of Hospital Clínic of Barcelona through Fundació Clínic per a la Recerca Biomèdica and not for BBVA Foundation, entity that collaborates with the project of PortalClínic.


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