Symptoms of pneumonia

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The most typical symptoms of pneumonia are:

Cough with sputum, sputum

Cough with a yellowish/greenish mucous-like or pus-like phlegm.

thermometer fever

Fever or chills.

shortness of breath or dyspnoea

Difficulty breathing.

Pain in the chest

Chest pain (increases with breathing movements).


General malaise and loss of appetite.

sweating, nausea and vomiting

Patients sometimes suffer nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea.

Pneumonia can manifest without any cough or fever, particularly in elderly patients. Nevertheless, the clinical presentation varies considerably between patients. The above symptoms are not always evident in the elderly who can present nonspecific symptoms such as a lack of appetite, a decreased level of consciousness, the onset of urinary incontinence or rapid breathing (tachypnoea). Generally speaking the symptoms may appear either gradually, over two or three days, or very quickly, within a few hours.

Substantiated information by:

Antoni Torres Martí
Juan Roselló Sáncho

Published: 20 February 2018
Updated: 20 February 2018


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