Complications of Obesity

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Obesity is not only important due to its high prevalence, but also on being a multi-systemic disease.

Membrane hormone receptor cell

At endocrine level, the most common diseases associated with obesity are intolerance to carbohydrates and type 2 diabetes. It also forms part of the polycystic ovary syndrome, is associated with infertility, and with complications during pregnancy and childbirth.

Increased blood pressure

At circulatory system level, obesity is associated with arterial hypertension, dyslipidaemia, ischaemic heart disease, heart failure, and venous insufficiency.


At gastrointestinal level, it is associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease and cholelithiasis (gallstones).

Brain with a marked area

At neurological level, with cerebrovascular accidents, dementia, and endocranial hypertension.

Pliegues cutáneos, infección

At dermatological level, it is associated with acanthosis nigricans (skin becomes thick or dark), intertrigo (skin folds disease due to friction or friction), cellulitis and hirsutism.

Respiratory sounds, lung whistles, strong breathing

At respiratory level, with sleep apnoea syndrome and with respiratory problems during the induction of anaesthesia.

Urinary incontinence in a woman

At a urological and nephrological level, it is associated with urinary incontinence, chronic renal failure, hypogonadism, and erectile dysfunction.

Patient with joint pain undergoing radiography

At osteoarticular level, it is associated with back pain, joint pain, and gout.

Cancer cell surrounded by healthy cells

With various types of cancer: breast cancer, endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer, kidney cancer, pancreas cancer, oesophagus cancer and colorectal cancer.


At psychiatric level, it is associated with depressive disorder, anxiety disorder and eating behavior disorders.

Reduced self-esteem

It affects the quality of life, it can cause problems of self-esteem and social stigmatization.

Substantiated information by:

Alba Andreu Martí
Lilliam Flores Meneses
Silvia Cañizares Alejos

Published: 17 August 2018
Updated: 17 August 2018


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